Ankle sprains occur when the ankle is twisted or forced in a way that stretches or tears one or more ligaments. The severity of the injury depends on if the ligaments are stretched, partially torn, or fully torn.
Symptoms of an ankle sprain include pain, bruising, swelling, stiffness, and difficulty walking.
Prompt medical attention is highly recommended. If left untreated, or if treated incorrectly, ankle sprains can heal incorrectly, which can lead to chronic problems.
Nonsurgical treatment includes R.I.C.E. (rest, ice, compression, elevation), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), and physical therapy.
In severe cases, surgery may be recommended in order to repair a torn ligament.
Chronic lateral ankle pain occurs most commonly from an improperly healed sprained ankle or other injuries.
Symptoms include recurring pain on the outside part of the ankle, ankle instability, difficulty walking on uneven ground, swelling, stiffness, and tenderness.
Treatments include over-the-counter or prescription medication, physical therapy to build muscle strength, steroid medications, ankle braces, and immobilization (in the case of fracture). It is always important to seek the advice of a health care professional in cases like this. Continuous usage of an improperly healed body part can cause a tremendous amount of pain and problems.
Osteochondritis is a condition where loose bone or cartilage gets caught between joints or bones, causing pain, stiffness, swelling, and in severe cases, immobility. The loose piece(s) are typically a result of a twisting-type injury of the ankle.
Treatments for mild cases involves immobilization of the foot and ankle. In more severe cases, surgery may be recommended to remove the loose bone or cartilage.